At Rio de Janeiro's Carnival, participants painted in traditional Indigenous styles and carrying messages against illegal mining highlighted the plight of Brazil's Yanomami people.

The event featured Salgueiro samba school's elaborate tribute to the Yanomami, Brazil's largest Indigenous group, aiming to draw attention to their suffering from malnutrition and diseases due to illegal mining. Yanomami leader Davi Kopenawa participated, hoping to pressure the Brazilian government to act. Despite actions by President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, such as declaring a public health emergency and destroying illegal mining equipment, challenges remain with miners adapting to avoid detection and calls for more effective measures persist.